Fever, jaundice and malaria

MALARIA

DEFINITION

Malaria, also called malaria, is an infectious disease caused by a parasite, Plasmodium (Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax). The latter is transmitted to humans by the bite of a female mosquito, Anopheles. All African countries are affected by malaria and every genuine African who has lived in Africa has suffered from it at least once in his life. This disease kills and can quickly turn into cerebral malaria.

THE CAUSES

As seen in the definition part of malaria, the disease is caused by a parasite, Plasmodium. Two species of this parasite are particularly problematic and responsible for the disease malaria: Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. These stay in the anopheles (a kind of mosquito, female), then are transmitted to humans during a bite (mosquito).

Plasmodium, once introduced into the human body goes to the liver and red blood cells. The rupture of red blood cells causes bouts of fever, a characteristic symptom of the disease. During another mosquito bite, anopheles sucks this infected blood and becomes host to the parasite again and transmits it further to another human. Thus, the two hosts of this protozoan are humans and mosquitoes.

The liver is therefore a place of development for the protozoan, but in addition, it is also a place where the parasite can reside and reappear later. This phenomenon explains why fever attacks can be distant: from a few days to a few years.

PERSONS AT RISK

- People residing in tropical countries (Southeast Asia, Central America, Africa)

- Travelers (going to these countries)

SYMPTOMS

The incubation time of malaria (until the first symptoms appear) usually lasts 10 to 20 days.

The characteristic symptoms of malaria are then:

- attacks of high fever, 40-41 ° C, migraine or headache often in the afternoon.

- fever attacks happen intermittently: every day, every 2 days or every 3 days. These attacks correspond to the rupture of the red blood cells where the parasite has multiplied.

- chills, migraines and sometimes severe headaches.

- a drop in temperature with profuse sweating and a feeling of cold

- great fatigue after the fever attack

- a deterioration in the general condition: fatigue, yellowish pigmentation of the skin, acute or chronic anemia (due to the rupture of red blood cells)

TREATMENTS

1. Prevention

- There is no vaccine against malaria yet, but researchers are working. A healthy lifestyle is recommended to strengthen our defenses and in countries at risk everyone must sleep systematically under an impregnated mosquito net.

- The treated mosquito net is the best way to protect yourself against malaria.

2. Medicines

Consult your doctor or pharmacist. Many very effective drugs exist, but it is always necessary to act quickly especially in children

3. Herbal teas.

Herbal teas are still useful in the treatment of malaria to fight and facilitate the complete elimination of parasites. A few traces of parasites on a failing ground (weak body, alcoholic body, drugged body, etc.) can make malaria recur. Here are some recipes for malaria.

- Make a decoction with green leaves + unripe papayas + papaya roots. Drink two glasses by adding lemon juice and honey.

- Make a decoction of 3 bunches of Cassia nigricans leaves + honey + 3 liters of water, drink the filtrate, wash with the decocté without honey.

. Child dose: ½ glass (approximately 35 ml) 2 times / day

Adult: a small calabash (about 500 ml) twice a day

. Duration of treatment: 3-4 days

- Make a decoction of some Entada Africana roots, (Mbathiar in Wolof, kake in goun) with 4 liters of water for 15 minutes. Wash and drink the decocté.

- Drink a decoction of the roots of cochlospermum tinctorium (ndribala in bambara, atinyi in fon, tincture of cochlospermum. Two glasses a day for 10 days to get rid of the ailment completely. This is considered to be very effective against malaria.

- Drink a decoction of coconut palm root + 3 lemons + papaya roots.

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