Cold and cought

Cold.

DEFINITION

There are several colds:

- The common cold, the body being too loaded with toxins.

--The common cold (seasonal cold) is an inflammation of the upper mucosa, a condition that affects the upper respiratory tract and especially the nose. The nasal cavities and sinuses continuously secrete a fluid that maintains the moisture of the mucous membrane, this fluid prevents the entry of infectious agents, moistens and warms the inspired air. When the mucous membrane is irritated (effect of viruses for example), it swells, increases its secretion of fluid to "get rid" of viruses and decreases the free space dedicated to the flow of mucus which causes colds. We can then feel a feeling of obstruction of the entire nasal region quite unpleasant.

--We distinguish an allergic cold (hay fever) from a seasonal cold (seasonal cold), the latter is mainly due to viruses and is very common in autumn, winter and early spring, it is often associated with a flu syndrome.

In addition, the common cold is often a process of protection and purification initiated by the body to protect itself and get rid of its toxins. Sometimes nothing needs to be done and it is better to let the process run its course for a few days. Stopping abruptly from a cleansing cold can cause serious illness such as chronic cough, itching or tingling, the body being too loaded with toxins not eliminated.

THE CAUSES

The causes of a seasonal cold are to be attributed to viruses (rhinoviruses) of which there are about 200 different, these invade the cells of the nasal mucosa and cause the common cold.

Note, just like with flu syndrome (the common cold is a possible symptom of flu syndrome), it is not the cold itself which is responsible for the seasonal cold but as we have seen above viruses , the cold promotes the development of the virus in particular by weakening the immune system.

Cold, stress, humidity, dust, and some fatigue can promote the appearance or development of viruses that cause colds. Influenza often occurs when the body is tired or stressed.

The flu is very contagious and is spread by casual contact or by sneezing or coughing or sometimes even by shaking hands indirectly.

As these are viruses, antibiotics have no effect in treating a cold if there is no bacterial superinfection (for example in the case of bacterial sinusitis).

SYMPTOMS

Typical symptoms of a seasonal cold are:

- at the onset of a cold the nasal discharge is liquid and limpid ...

- ... then the liquid becomes thicker and purulent, this often appears after a few days and it is at this time that the nose becomes blocked.

- the common cold can be associated with sneezing or other symptoms typical of the flu syndrome (pain, fever, burning in the nose, sore throat ...)

A cold (seasonal) usually lasts 7 to 10 days.

Consult your doctor if the common cold is associated with long-lasting high fevers, a feeling of sinusitis (blocked up to the top of the forehead) or if the cold lasts more than 10 days as well as in case of breathing problems.

TREATMENTS

To treat a seasonal cold we have different relatively effective drugs:

- local vasoconstrictors (based on xylometazoline for example) which effectively treat cold symptoms. To be used as a spray when the nose is blocked. (Be careful not to use these sprays for more than 10 days, unless medical advice to the contrary, because after that it is the drug itself which causes the common cold, and there is installation of a vicious circle).

- antihistamines: for example when the nose is runny (liquid)

- oral vasoconstrictors (based on pseudoephedrine for example)

Be careful in case of hypertension, talk to your doctor or pharmacist, as there is a risk of side effects.

- drugs made up of several molecules to treat colds and pain, different preparations, talk to your pharmacist

- acetylsalicylic acid (adult dosage: 500 mg tablet twice a day): according to experts, this medication slows down the development of the common cold, also acts as an anti-inflammatory, painkiller and febrifuge.

Beware of side effects and the risks of interactions with acetylsalicylic acid, ask your pharmacist for advice.

- saline solutions for use in nasal washing, physiological water

Different salt preparations on sale in pharmacies. You can also prepare physiological water yourself.

- nasal ointments: to rehydrate the nasal mucosa which is often very dry after cold, various nasal ointments on sale in pharmacies.

ADVICE

- Drink a lot, more than 1 liter per day, preferably in the form of fruit juice, herbal tea, or tea. Desired goal: "to dilute" the virus, which increases its elimination.

-Eat a lot of foods rich in vitamin C or take medicines or food supplements rich in vitamin Cet / or zinc.

- Get enough sleep (rest increases the immune system)

- Moisten the nasal mucosa with physiological serum

- Drink hot drinks, wash with hot water, keep warm, etc.

- Perform inhalations of hot vapors (with or without essential oils), for example, based on thyme

- Sometimes in a cold the mucous membrane is very dry, do not hesitate to apply a rehydrating nasal ointment (various nasal ointments on sale in pharmacies)

-Take a bath and inhale with the decoction of the leafy stems of Guiera Senegalensis,

-Massage the tip of the nose and the chest with shea butter or a hot ointment.

NB: In case of flu, make a hot inhalation with the super balm

 

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